THE INFORMATION AND ANALYTICAL SYSTEM OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION OF EMERGENCIES’ RISKS

  • Viktor Fedorchak National University of Civil Defence of Ukraine
Keywords: information and analytical system, public administration, emergencies, risks, conceptual model

Abstract

The research of the scientific and practical aspects of development and implementation of the information and analytical system of public administration concerning risks of emergencies is carried out in the work. The Government information and analytical system on emergencies can function in the modes of daily activity, increased readiness or emergency depending on the current situation and scale of possible or current emergency. However the present state system of the environment monitoring, which is a subsystem of the Government information and analytical system on emergencies, can't fully solve the given tasks and doesn't fit the established requirements actually even in the conditions of daily activity. Accordingly, the specified system demands essential improvement.
The questions of public administration concerning risks of emergencies are investigated nowadays in various scientific works of numerous scientists. However information and analytical components of the specified processes still need essential completion.
The purpose of this work is research of the scientific and practical aspects of development and implementation of the information and analytical system of public administration concerning risks of emergences.
The problems of functioning of the state system of the environment monitoring are defined. The key tasks of public authorities and local government concerning organization of the environment monitoring are allocated. The conceptual model of the information and analytical system of public administration concerning risks of emergencies is developed.
The method of the system analysis, heuristic method, and method of logical modelling are used in the work.
The following problems of functioning of the state system of the environment monitoring are defined: imperfection of standard and legal support; insufficient coordination of activity of the subjects, which are carrying out environmental monitoring; lack of financial extra budgetary funds; obsolescence of material support of the subjects, who are engaged in environmental monitoring etc. The key tasks of public authorities and local government concerning organization of the environment monitoring are allocated. It is emphasized that the following ones have to be the prime components: coordination of functioning of the organizations and institutions at the regional, local and object levels on collecting and exchange of information concerning results of observation and control of condition of environment and formation of systems of information and communication appointment for the solution of problems of monitoring and forecasting of emergencies' risks. The conceptual model of information and analytical system of public administration concerning risks of emergencies is developed. This conceptual model integrates in its structure the technologies of collecting, transfer, exchange and storage of information on sources of emergencies and objects of monitoring and also includes the analysis technique, methods of modelling and forecasting of emergencies for territories. The given conceptual model is the system of information and analytical support of decision-making in Public service of Ukraine on emergency situations.
The developed information and analytical system of public administration of emergencies' risks provides realization of the information processes in public authorities and local governments providing adoption of administrative decisions concerning emergencies' risks due to information collecting, processing, storage, transfer and security received as result of functioning of the state system of monitoring and forecasting of emergencies' risks with the corresponding accompanying documentation formation.

References

Abramov, Yu.O. (2005). Monitorynh nadzvychaynykh sytuatsiy [Monitoring of emergencies], Kharkiv : ACZU [in Ukrainian].

Belousov, A.V. (2014). Metodolohichni aspekty udoskonalennya systemy derzhavnoho upravlinnya ryzykamy nadzvychaynykh sytuatsiy. Investy`ciyi: prakty`ka ta dosvid − Investments: practice and experience, 11, 131–134 [in Ukrainian].

Dyehtyar, O.A. (2017). Napryamy udoskonalennya zasobiv upravlinnya sotsial'nym ryzykom [Directions of improvement of control facilities of social risk]. Visny`k Nacional`nogo universy`tetu cy`vil`nogo zaxy`stu Ukrayiny` − Bulletin of the National University of Civil Protection of Ukraine, 1(6), 1–9 [in Ukrainian].

Kravtsiv, S.Ya. (2017). Ryzyk-oriyentovanyy pidkhid u derzhavnomu rehulyuvanni u sferi tekhnohennoyi ta pozhezhnoyi bezpeky [The risk-focused approach in public administration in the sphere of technogenic and fire safety]. Visny`k Nacional`nogo universy`tetu cy`vil`nogo zaxy`stu Ukrayiny` − Bulletin of the National University of Civil Protection of Ukraine, 1(6), 336–341 [in Ukrainian].

Polkovnychenko, D. (2013). Derzhavna polityka u sferi poperedzhennya nadzvychaynykh sytuatsiy na osnovi kontseptsiyi ryzykiv [State policy in the sphere of prevention of emergencies on the basis of the concept of risks]. Teoriya ta prakty`ka derzhavnogo upravlinnya − Theory and practice of public administration. Retrieved from http://www.kbuapa.kharkov.ua/e–book/conf/2013–4/doc/3.pdf [in Ukrainian]

Bartkowski, Maciej (2013). Recovering Nonviolent History. Civil Resistance in Liberation Struggles. Boulder CO : Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Beyerle, Shaazk (2014). Curtailing Corruption. People Power for Accountability and Justice, Boulder CO : Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Dudouet, Veronique (2015). Civil Resistance and Conflict Transformation. Transitions from Armed to Nonviolent Struggle, London : Routledge.

Hallward, Maia & Carter and Norma, M. Julie (20 15). Understanding Nonviolence: Contours and Context, Cambridge : Polity Press.

Henderson, A. (2016). An examination of emergency services research in public administration. Public Affairs Quarterly. Vol. 40. №. 3. P. 559–588.

Nepstad, Sharon & Erickson, Nonviolent (2015). Theories, Strategies, and Dynamics, Oxford : Oxford University Press.


Abstract views: 71
PDF Downloads: 61
Published
2018-10-01
How to Cite
Fedorchak, V. (2018). THE INFORMATION AND ANALYTICAL SYSTEM OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION OF EMERGENCIES’ RISKS. Public Administration and Regional Development, (1), 163-176. https://doi.org/10.26693/pard2018.01.08