INTERCONNECTION AND INTERACTION OF THE IMAGE OF THE JUDICIARY IN UKRAINE AND THE TRUST OF CITIZENS: PROBLEMS AND WAYS OF IMPROVEMENT

  • Anastasia Shulga Petro Mohyla Black Sea National University http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8528-8722
  • Tetyana Yaroshchuk Novobugsky District Court of Mykolaiv region
Keywords: image, image of judicial power, trust, access to justice, corruption, index of trust in the judiciary.

Abstract

The article deals with the interrelation and interaction of the image of the judiciary and the citizens' trust in it at the present stage. At the beginning of the study, the concept of «image» and «image of the judiciary» is defined, as well as confidence in the context of modern science and public administration. It is noted that today citizens have lost faith in the independence and objectivity of decisions made by domestic judges.

Different statistics of sociological research are presented, on the basis of which it is concluded that the level of citizens' trust in the judiciary of Ukraine is too low. Improving the legal framework and conducting various types of reforms, in particular the judicial system, don’t fundamentally change the level of citizens' trust in the judiciary, which directly affects its image. The Index of trust in the judiciary is described.

It is noted that the image of the judiciary directly depends on the level of citizens' confidence in it. The trust and image of the judiciary interact with each other, for the sake of achieving one goal decent and just domestic justice. The article lists the factors that affect the level of trust in the judiciary, thereby worsening its image. The results of individual sociological studies indicate that corruption is the most problematic factor in Ukrainian justice, which affects the level of trust in the judiciary. Another important factor that affects the level of citizens' trust in the judiciary is the human factor. It was emphasized that a low level of trust in court is an obstacle to attracting foreign investments.

At the end of the article it is stated that the change of subject and procedure for the appointment of judges and their term of office will not radically affect the level of corruption in the system of justice and trust in the judiciary, as well as the quality, objectivity and independence of the work of the courts themselves. In order to improve the existing situation in the system of domestic justice, first of all, it is necessary to change the attitude of the judges themselves to what they are doing, their consciousness and perception of the surrounding reality. It is concluded that the image of the judiciary plays an important role not only in the protection of rights and freedoms and the restoration of justice, but also in the question of the economic growth of the entire state. The directions of raising the level of trust in the judiciary and forming its positive image are proposed.

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Published
2019-04-11
How to Cite
Shulga, A., & Yaroshchuk, T. (2019). INTERCONNECTION AND INTERACTION OF THE IMAGE OF THE JUDICIARY IN UKRAINE AND THE TRUST OF CITIZENS: PROBLEMS AND WAYS OF IMPROVEMENT. Public Administration and Regional Development, 1(3), 192-218. https://doi.org/10.34132/pard2019.03.12