European experience in the sphere of interaction of the state and civil society institutions

Keywords: European Union, institutions of power, civil society, civil sector, state policy, integration, interaction

Abstract

The article examines the issues of interaction between the state and civil society in the context of the experience of European countries, defines the forms of such interaction, the possibility of applying European experience in Ukraine.

It is pointed out that the development of a democratic, legal, social state is a key and important priority, and the implementation of the most important strategic course towards integration with the European Union is the ultimate goal of this process; this is also facilitated by ensuring the comprehensive entry of Ukraine into the European political, economic and legal space.

The article reveals the interaction of civil society institutions and the state, which should be formed on the European generally accepted principles, such as mutual cooperation, partnership.

It is shown that the state, forming the institutional and legal environment, comprehensively contributes to the interaction and development of civil society.

It is indicated that the current trend in relations between government bodies and civil society institutions is the transformation of the grant system into a system of contracts, which enhances the reduction of the financial dependence of civil society on government authorities.

It was found that the EU countries have introduced and operate such institutions for effective discussion and decision-making: for example, the eOpinio platform in Germany uses the “general budget” tool, with the help of which public discussion of the municipal budget is carried out and part of the funds is spent on ideas supported by the majority societies on the Estonian portal "osale.ee" you can remotely participate in public hearings and hearings in municipal authorities. In Latvia, an internet platform has been created that allowed people to present political initiatives and collect signatures of support online, the Government of Macedonia has developed three electronic platforms to involve civil society in the policy-making process: e-Demokratija.mk., ENER Platform and Nvosorabotka.gov. mk.

It was stated that, in general, the EU countries are gradually abandoning the format of meetings of advisory bodies in favor of online consultations with the public.

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Published
2020-09-08
How to Cite
Shtyrov, A., & Yemelyanov, V. (2020). European experience in the sphere of interaction of the state and civil society institutions. Public Administration and Regional Development, (9), 940-965. https://doi.org/10.34132/pard2020.09.12